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Le Città

I primi insediamenti iniziarono in epoca preistorica. Le prime costruzioni elementari fornivano riparo e protezione a queste comunità fino trasformarsi in città. Con maggiori opportunità commerciali e di lavoro, le popolazioni di molti aumentarono, alla fine con conseguente crescita delle principali città.
La nascita di nuove tecnologie ha permesso a molti di queste città di svilupparsi ancora più velocemente verso i moderni tropoliti che conosciamo oggi.

9000-4000 a.C.

Comunità preistoriche

 I primi agricoltori si stabiliscono in villaggi con costruzioni semplici e strutture condivise.
Il primo di questi era in Mesopotamia nell'
Asia occidentale. A poco a poco, si espandono diventando piccole città con comunità organizzate.

8000 a.C.

Insediamenti murati

Communities begin to surround their settlements
with protective walls. In the town of Jericho in
Palestine, a huge s tone wall is constructed for
defense, surveillance, and flood protection,
keeping the 3,000 inhabitants safe.

4000-3000 a.C.

Prime città

The first great cities develop in Mesopotamia. These are each ruled by a king. Grand stone structures called ziggurats are built, containing shrines, staircases, and towers.

2900-2300 a.C.

Trading hubs

Mesopotamia’s cities become important trading centers, using rivers to transport goods. Long-distance trade takes place between cities in Mesopotamia and in the Indus Valley in Pakistan. Luxury items such as spices, textiles, metals, and precious stones are exchanged.

2600 a.C.

Sewer systems

The first sewer systems are constructed by the Indus Valley civilization. Underground tunnels carry water from place to place, allowing most homes to have a bath, toilet, and water supply.

800 a.C.

Città-Stato

Nell'antica Grecia, città affermarsi come stati indipendenti con i loro sistemi politici. Atene, Sparta e Tebe sono alcuni dei città-stato più importanti

1 d.C.

Record-breaking Rome

Rome becomes the fir st city t o reach a population of 1 million people . Most Romans live in blocks of flats called insulae that are 6 or 7 s tories high, maximizing sp ace in the city.

500-700 d.C.

Bazaar Bizantini

In the Byzantine Empire, around the Mediterranean, public areas and main roads in cities start to become closed off by shops. These eventually evolve into bazaars — covered markets where locals barter to get the best price for goods.

1190

Replacement walls

King Philip II o f France orders a new wall to be built around Paris, stretching beyond the outskirts of the city. It is 8 f t (2 m) wide with around 70 towers. Many other medieval European cities als o rebuild their original walls to contain their growing centers.

1750–1800

Factory towns

During the Industrial Revolution, people move to work in factories.
New towns grow rapidly around the factories to house workers.

1807

Strade illuminate

The first public street lighting that uses gas is demonstrated in London. This becomes the norm a cross towns and cities, s olving the problem of limited light at night

1863

Underground railway
The world’s first underground

The world’s first underground railway
system opens in London. Moving
transportation underground saves
space and provides a quicker way to
get around the bustling city.